Chilli are the most indispensable ingredient of daily cuisine all over the world. It is difficult to imagine cuisine without Chilli. Chilli is the fruit of plants belonging to Capsicum genus and Solanaceae family. The origin of Chilli is believed to be in Mexico which further traveled to India through a Portuguese explorer Vasco-da-Gama. Since then Chilli are used as basic ingredients for every kind of food. With their unmatched medicinal properties, Chilli peppers have become an integral part of culture and food society.
Chilli peppers are cultivated in different parts of the world like Mexico, Spain, Portugal and North America. India leads this race of Chilli cultivation and has become the world’s largest producer and exporter of Chilli. The Bhut Jolokia which is the world’s hottest Chilli and originates in India. The best cultivated Indian chilies dominate the international Chilli market and are exported in huge amounts to different countries like USA, Canada, UK, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Malaysia, Germany and many countries across the world. With over 750 distributors and 87,000 retailers.
Chilli Peppers are the rich sources of minerals like molybdenum, manganese, folate, potassium, thiamin, and copper and have the unmatched medicinal values. Being excellent sources of vitamin B6, vitamin C, and vitamin A, Chilli contains powerful antioxidants that can destroy cholesterol in the human body which causes heart diseases like atherosclerosis, arthritis like osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis and other cataract diseases. Rich in vitamin B, they act as gastrointestinal detoxicants for better digestion of food, increase the rate of metabolism and provide relief from nasal congestion, asthma and wheezing. Chilli peppers are proved to be one of the best natural painkillers because they provide relief from arthritic pains and pain caused due to shingles, bursitis, diabetic neuropathy and muscle spasm in shoulders. Chilli peppers are also beneficial to cigarette smokers as they help to reduce the inflammation of lungs.
Chilli peppers usually differ in heat, size, shape and colors and available in nearly 400 varieties all over the world.